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Pine kernels


General information

This Evergreen tree reaches a height of up to 30 metres. The foliage is like a dark green umbrella. The bark is reddish brown in colour, leaves are long needles (pine-needles) that are normally in bundles of two and the cones are big and round. The pine tree is grown on sandy ground and arid slopes, typical of the Mediterranean area. The most famous pine forests in Europe are:Migliarini S. Rossore, Ravenna and Grosseto.

Health Benefits

Pine nuts are rich in proteins, calories, vitamins, minerals and fbres. They contain plant proteins that help fight atherosclerosis. They have a high content of unsaturated fat, predominantly polyunsaturated rather than monounsaturated. Their consumption helps to reduce cholesterol and triglycerides and potentiates the activity of the central nervous system. Pine nuts also supply vitamin B, folic acid,calcium, potassium, phosphorus, magnesium and iron.


  • Pinus pinea (Italy, Spain, Portugal, Turkey)
  • Pinus chinensis, Red pine, Snow pine (China)
  • Snow pine (China, Russia, Siberia, Manchuria, North Korea)
  • Cedar nut (Russia)



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